Following the disastrous flooding in April 1977, Congress authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (under Section 202 of Public Law 96-367) to provide flood protection to the hardest hit areas along the Levisa Fork and its tributaries in Floyd County. Since that authorization, the Corps has conducted numerous studies in the region to identify and evaluate potential measures that would minimize future flood losses and threats to human life, should a repeat of the April 1977 flood occur. Among those measures considered are nonstructural measures aimed at the structural modification or removal of structures and facilities located within designated floodplain zones to reduce future flood damages.
The Martin Voluntary Flood Protection Program will be implemented in Phase 4 of the Martin Redevelopment program. Outreach activities in Martin, held during the past few years, indicate a great deal of public interest in and acceptance of the voluntary floodproofing and acquisition program; participation is anticipated to be high.
The program will offer nonstructural methods of protection, including (a) buy out; and (b) protection in place. Protection in place (elevation or floodproofing) is only allowed for structures located outside of the regulatory floodway zone as designated by the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) on the latest Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM). Structures located within the designated floodway can only be protected through voluntary acquisition (buy-out) - floodproofing or elevation in the floodway zone is not a nonstructural project option in the Section 202 program. The factors of structure eligibility and potential nonstructural flood damage reduction measures are briefly described below.
For a house or business to be considered for flood protection, specific criteria must be met:
There are several methods of providing nonstructural flood protection for eligible structures. Eligible structures will be protected using the least costly method available. Available methods include: