Corps of Engineers flood damage reduction projects historically relied on structural measures such as dams, floodwalls, levees or river channel modification to reduce flood damages. By modifying the amount or movement of flood waters in and around communities, flood damages could be significantly lessened. The Section 202 legislation passed by Congress provided an opportunity to develop cost effective alternatives that were new and innovative - alternatives that have proven to be effective in the Tug Fork Valley Section 202 projects. Pictures of these innovative techniques for reducing flood risks can be seen in the photo gallery.
When it was determined that standard structural measures such as dams, floodwalls/levees and channels would not be cost effective in protecting the downtown area of Martin, nonstructural measures such as redevelopment of the downtown and floodproofing were considered. Working closely with the community leadership and the Task Force, the Corps determined that a redevelopment plan for Martin could provide many benefits to the community in addition to reducing flood damages and threats to human life.
Redevelopment provides Martin with an opportunity to rebuild and revitalize in a flood-safe location. But what makes this redevelopment plan different is that its benefits go beyond the context of flood damage reduction and flood risk management through the following actions: